|Graphic Design - Research|
The concept of ‘reflective practice’ was described in 1983 by Donald Schön. Developing this a bit further, based on interviews with practitioners, it became clear that there are different types of reflections. At the moment, nine reflections are recognizable. This is a description of professional practice as it is at the moment. It does not indicate ‘best practice’ or ‘the way top-designers’ work. A lot more comparative practice based research is required to investigate and compare best practices.
Together with Dr. Stephen Newman, we’ve compiled a bibliography of Donald Schön. The first version appeared in 2015 and it was updated and corrected ever since. In April 2022 it contains 275 entries.
The literature is very broad. I initially focus on the following titles:
• Schön, Donald. 1954. Rationality in the practical decision process. PhD thesis. Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.
• Schön, Donald. 1983. The Reflective practitioner. Basic books.
My publications on this topic:
2012 [Co author: Maurits Vroombout] Communication Design Education: could nine reflections be sufficient? Pp 8–35 in Sharon Poggenpohl (editor): Special issue of Visible language on ‘Envisioning a future of Design education’. 46 (1/2) [Download]