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Reflective practice?

The concept of ‘reflective practice’ was described in 1983 by Donald Schön. Developing this a bit further, based on interviews with practitioners, it became clear that there are different types of reflections. At the moment, nine reflections are recognizable. This is a description of professional practice as it is at the moment. It does not indicate ‘best practice’ or ‘the way top-designers’ work. A lot more comparative practice based research is required to investigate and compare best practices.

Together with Dr. Stephen Newman, we’ve compiled a bibliography of Donald Schön. The first version appeared in 2015 and it was updated and corrected ever since. In April 2022 it contains 275 entries.

Literature

The literature is very broad. I initially focus on the following titles:

• Schön, Donald. 1954. Rationality in the practical decision process. PhD thesis. Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.

• Schön, Donald. 1983. The Reflective practitioner. Basic books.

My publications on this topic:

2012 [Co author: Maurits Vroombout] Communication Design Education: could nine reflections be sufficient? Pp 8–35 in Sharon Poggenpohl (editor): Special issue of Visible language on ‘Envisioning a future of Design education’. 46 (1/2) [Download]

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